After the civil war, Birmingham became the largest steel producing area in the south east. Steel production requires iron ore, coke, coal, limestone and dolomite. Postbellum steel production technology involved the use of blast furnaces, and limestone and dolomite were used with the iron ore to carry away impurities, like a flux, except in this case it was called slag. Raw material were found in the unique geology of the region, and an abundance of railroads allowed for the transport of raw materials and finished product.
Like building Pullman rail cars and coal mining, a ‘company town’ aspect of production arose. Critics point to high mortality rates in the growth of the industry, but this was also true of the age, and of steel production in northeastern centers. Later, industries developed that produced pipe and fittings.
Early Birmingham pipe producers made cast iron, or ductile pipe. Later, a large production and distribution of steel pipe evolved. Many people forget that most of the pipe for the Alaskan pipeline was purchased from Japan, the pipeline was built in the 1970’s.
There is still a large steel pipe distribution network centered in Birmingham, with a great deal of the pipe being imported and some produced domestically. With it’s centralized shipping points, Birmingham ships the most pipe in the southeast by rail and truck. Major shippers include U.S. Pipe, Nucor, American Pipe and Supply and Consolidated Pipe & Supply.
The modern steel pipe industry serves the pipeline industry, refinery and chemical plant construction and vessel manufacturing. Modern steel pipe is produced in two formats in general, ERW and Seamless. ERW is Electric Resistance Welded and produced by folding sheets of metal into a pipe and welding the seam. Seamless pipe is extruded.
Everybody has heard of Miley Cyrus but who is Billy Ray? He is not yet 60 years old, and has been in the music seen as a guitar playing singer for years. His first album was released when he was just 31 years old, and may have been more popular overseas than in the United States.
Known as a country music star, Billy Ray was born in Kentucky, and attended college at Georgetown in Kentucky but never graduated. He quit college at 20 years old to play guitar and start a band.
Cyrus went to LA and tried to get a recording contract. One success he had was to be a warm up act for Reba McEntire. Cyrus finally began his recording career in Nashville, TN.
One of Billy Ray’s first hits was a song he first covered called “Achy Breaky Heart” on an album called “Some Gave All.” Popular in Australia, it was a popular line dancing song, and some say it increased the popularity of line dancing.
Oak Mountain Amphitheatre (formerly the Verizon Wireless Music Center)
Korn & Alice In Chains come to Oak Mountain Amphitheatre on Tuesday 23rd July 2019! Rock and metal
Oak Mountain Amphitheatre
Formed in Seattle, Washington in 1987, Alice In Chains found fame in the 1990s alongside fellow Seattle bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden as part of the grunge movement. The group became one of the most successful bands of the 1990s, selling over 30 million records worldwide (over 14 million records in the US alone), with two number one albums and six top ten albums on the Billboard 200 chart. The band’s debut, Facelift, which was released in 1990, was certified double-platinum and lead the way for similar success with their third and fourth albums. In 1996, the band took an unofficial hiatus due to lead vocalist Layne Staley’s struggles with addiction that eventually culminated in his death in 2002. In 2005, the remaining band members reunited for a charity concert and in 2006 Alice In Chains began touring and recording again with William DuVall taking over as lead vocalist full-time. Rainier Fog, the band’s sixth and most recent studio album, was released in 2018, debuting at No. 12 on the Billboard 200 and receiving a Grammy nomination for Best Rock Album.